The typically Andalusian city of Cádiz, on Spain’s southern Atlantic Coast — slightly north of the Straits of Gibraltar and the entrance to the Mediterranean Sea — is the oldest continuously inhabited city in Spain and one of the oldest in western Europe. Legend claims Cadiz was founded by Hercules himself. The city has been a principal home port of the Spanish Navy since the accession of the Spanish Bourbons in the 18th Century. The current population is around 125,000.
Connected to the mainland by a narrow peninsula (now the location of the new developments of Cadiz) — with “Casco Antiguo” (Old Town) occupying the western end of the peninsula — the city has played host (not always willingly) to Phoenicians, Romans, Visigoths, Moors, and, ultimately, Spaniards. Even Sir Francis Drake stopped by for a few days in 1587, capturing six ships and destroying more than 30 others, delaying the sailing of the Spanish Armada against England by over a year.
Casco Antiguo (Old Town) has a typical historical city center layout within the former city walls of narrow streets and narrow winding alleys connecting large plazas.
The Town Hall has been in its present location since the 16th Century, and after being altered on various occasions, it was reconstructed in 1799 with designs by two Spanish architects. inside, remains of the medieval wall are conserved, as well as rooms with 19th Century decoration.
The Cathedral, with its gold dome and Baroque facade, was begun in 1722, when Cadiz was at the height of its power.
The house in the above photograph is where the famous Spanish composer, Manuel de Falla, was born on 23 November 1876; he passed away in 1926, leaving behind music beloved by his fellow countrymen and music lovers around the world.