Lanzarote, of volcanic origin, is the easternmost of the Canary Islands (belonging to Spain) about 78 miles (125 kilometers) from the coast of Morocco and Western Sahara. The island emerged about 15 million years ago as a result of fiery volcanic eruptions (there are 36 volcanoes on the island, one of which remains active).
Parque Nacional de Timanfaya (Timanfaya National Park) is a Spanish national park in the southwestern part of the island of Lanzarote, Canary Islands. The parkland is entirely made up of volcanic soil. Alfred Wegener’s study of the island while visiting in 1912 showed how it fitted in with his theory of continental drift. The island, along with others, emerged after the break-up of the African and the American continental plates.
In 1993, UNESCO designated a Biosphere reserve covering the whole of Lanzarote. The national park is one of the core areas of the biosphere reserve. Access to the park by the public is strictly regulated to protect the delicate flora and fauna. There are one or two footpaths, and a popular short route where one can visit by camel.
“The greatest recorded eruptions occurred between 1730 and 1736. The volcanic activity continues as the surface temperature in the core ranges from 100 to 600°C at the depth of 13 metres (43 feet), which is demonstrated by pouring water into the ground, resulting in a geyser of steam which is an attraction for tourists. There is only one active volcano, Timanfaya volcano which the park is named after.” – Wikipedia
Much of Lanzarote, particularly Parque Nacional de Timanfaya (Timanfaya National Park), reminded us of the black lava landscape of the biggest Hawaiian island, Hawai’i.