Rouen Cathedral, Rouen, Normandy region, France

The magnificent Gothic Rouen Cathedral has a wealth of art, history, and architectural details and is recognizable to those familiar with Claude Monet’s series of paintings of the facade, Rouen, Normandy region, France

The magnificent Gothic Rouen Cathedral has a wealth of art, history, and architectural details and is recognizable to those familiar with Claude Monet’s series of paintings of the facade, Rouen, Normandy region, France

 

“The magnificent Gothic Rouen Cathedral has the tallest church spire in France and a wealth of art, history, and architectural details.  Rouen Cathedral (La Cathédrale primatiale Notre-Dame de l’Assomption de Rouen) is one of the most impressive Gothic churches ever built.  Construction dragged on for three centuries allowing all forms of the Gothic spectrum from early to high, flamboyant and late to feature in the main structures. The spire is even Neo Gothic – added in the 19th century, it is the tallest church tower in France.  The dukes of Normandy were traditionally crowned here and several are buried in the cathedral, including the heart of Richard the Lion Heart. Joan of Arc was put on trial in the bishops’ palace.  The church has some stained-glass windows from the early-13th century and the oldest recumbent tomb statue in France.” – http://www.European-Traveler.com

 

The façade of Le portail de la Calende (main entrance-”gate”) and the 19th century cast iron spire, Rouen Cathedral, Rouen, Normandy region, France

The façade of Le portail de la Calende (main entrance-”gate”) and the 19th century cast iron spire, Rouen Cathedral, Rouen, Normandy region, France

 

Impressionist artist Claude Monet produced a series of paintings of the cathedral facade showing the same scene at different times of the day and in different weather conditions, Rouen Cathedral, Rouen, Normandy region, France

Impressionist artist Claude Monet produced a series of paintings of the cathedral facade showing the same scene at different times of the day and in different weather conditions, Rouen Cathedral, Rouen, Normandy region, France

 

“The most famous paintings of the cathedral were done by the Impressionist artist Claude Monet, who produced a series of paintings of the building showing the same scene at different times of the day and in different weather conditions.  Two paintings are in the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C.; one is in the Getty Center in Los Angeles, CA; one is in the National Museum of Serbia in Belgrade; one is at the Clark Art Institute in Williamstown, Massachusetts; one is in a museum of Cologne; one is in the Rouen fine art museum; and five are in the Musee d’Orsay in Paris.  The estimated value of one painting is over $40 million.” – Wikipedia

 

Tour de Beurre (the butter tower) was paid for by donations in the 15th century by parishoners who ate butter during Lent, Rouen Cathedral, Rouen, Normandy region, France; it was the inspiration for the Chicago Tribune Tower

Tour de Beurre (the butter tower) was paid for by donations in the 15th century by parishoners who ate butter during Lent, Rouen Cathedral, Rouen, Normandy region, France; it was the inspiration for the Chicago Tribune Tower

 

Detail of Le portail de la Calende (main entrance-”gate”), Rouen Cathedral, Rouen, Normandy region, France

Detail of Le portail de la Calende (main entrance-”gate”), Rouen Cathedral, Rouen, Normandy region, France

 

The cast iron lantern tower made the cathedral the tallest building in the world from 1876 to 1880; Rouen Cathedral, Rouen, Normandy region, France

The cast iron lantern tower made the cathedral the tallest building in the world from 1876 to 1880; Rouen Cathedral, Rouen, Normandy region, France

 

Le portail des Libraires, on the side, dates back to 1300, Rouen Cathedral, Rouen, Normandy region, France

Le portail des Libraires, on the side, dates back to 1300, Rouen Cathedral, Rouen, Normandy region, France

 

The enormous nave of Rouen Cathedral rises 92 feet (28 meters) and is 197 feet (60 meters) long, Rouen, Normandy region, France; it is a challenge to photograph!

The enormous nave of Rouen Cathedral rises 92 feet (28 meters) and is 197 feet (60 meters) long, Rouen, Normandy region, France; it is a challenge to photograph!

 

“Rouen Cathedral is built on a site that has been used for Christian worship since at least the early 4th century.  Most of the present church was constructed between 1200 and the early 16th century.  Construction of the current church started during the late-12th century to modernize and enlarge a Romanesque cathedral.  A fire during Easter 1200 caused major damage to the structure allowing the new Gothic church to be built freer from the constraints of the Romanesque predecessor.  Construction of the Gothic cathedral resumed shortly afterwards but the Hundred Years War, revolts, finances, fire and weather interfered with the building project, which dragged on for three centuries.  (Parts of the church were always in use.)  The long building period allowed for elements from the full Gothic spectrum – early, high, flamboyant, and late (plus a touch of neo in the 19th century).  Rouen Cathedral was damaged but not destroyed during amongst others the Wars of Religion, the French Revolution and the Second World War.  As with any old house, maintenance work never ends and part of the cathedral is always covered by protective sheeting and scaffolding.  Many of the windows were blown out in 1944 during the Second World War.  However, in 1939, on the initiative of Jean Lafond, almost all stained-glass windows in Rouen were removed from churches and historic buildings and kept safely until the end of the war.  Rouen Cathedral thus has stained-glass windows dating from as far back as 1210. ” – http://www.European-Traveler.com

 

The stained-glass rose window behind the altar was removed and hidden during World War II to save it from destruction by bombing, Rouen Cathedral, Rouen, Normandy region, France

The stained-glass rose window behind the altar was removed and hidden during World War II to save it from destruction by bombing, Rouen Cathedral, Rouen, Normandy region, France

 

A memorial chapel is dedicated to Joan of Arc who was put on trial in the bishops’ palace in Rouen and then burned at the stake in Rouen; Rouen Cathedral, Rouen, Normandy region, France

A memorial chapel is dedicated to Joan of Arc who was put on trial in the bishops’ palace in Rouen and then burned at the stake in Rouen; Rouen Cathedral, Rouen, Normandy region, France

 

 

Apostles on the front façade (Le portail de la Calende) of the church, Rouen Cathedral, Rouen, Normandy region, France

Apostles on the front façade (Le portail de la Calende) of the church, Rouen Cathedral, Rouen, Normandy region, France

 

“The central doorway was only completed in the 16th century, as the construction of the Butter Tower damaged the older structure.  The tympanum here has the Tree of Jesse.  It was destroyed by the Huguenots during the Wars of Religion but replaced in the early 17th century and recently restored.  The row of apostles are copies – the surviving statues can be seen close up in the ambulatory of the church (until they are moved eventually to a museum).” — http://www.European-Traveler.com

 

This row of apostles are the surviving statues from the front façade’s tympanum -- seen close up in the ambulatory of the church, Rouen Cathedral, Rouen, Normandy region, France

This row of apostles are the surviving statues from the front façade’s tympanum — seen close up in the ambulatory of the church, Rouen Cathedral, Rouen, Normandy region, France

 

 

Looking up towards the Gothic spire's tower (black and white photograph), Rouen Cathedral, Rouen, Normandy region, France

Looking up towards the Gothic spire’s tower (black and white photograph), Rouen Cathedral, Rouen, Normandy region, France

 

 

Escalier de la Librarie (Booksellers’ Stairway) at the north end of the transept, Rouen Cathedral, Rouen, Normandy region, France

Escalier de la Librarie (Booksellers’ Stairway) at the north end of the transept, Rouen Cathedral, Rouen, Normandy region, France

 

Ribbed Gothic arches and the side nave wall (black and white photograph), Rouen Cathedral, Rouen, Normandy region, France

Ribbed Gothic arches and the side nave wall (black and white photograph), Rouen Cathedral, Rouen, Normandy region, France

 

One of many crosses in Rouen Cathedral, seen as we stood in the rear of the cathedral during morning mass (black and white photograph), Rouen, Normandy region, France

One of many crosses in Rouen Cathedral, seen as we stood in the rear of the cathedral during morning mass (black and white photograph), Rouen, Normandy region, France

 

4 thoughts on “Rouen Cathedral, Rouen, Normandy region, France

  1. As always just exquisite. Love the detailed photos. Beautiful stained-glass and so much more. The angles… you have such an eye. Magnificent!

    Like

  2. We went to Rouen on our own one day too……….. the cathedral was the most magnificent one we have seen in a LONG time.
    The ship is going to Rouen in 2018……….. people will enjoy that port!

    Like

  3. Your photos are better than the post cards. Many years ago (1989) John and I went to the sound and light show in Rouen Cathedral. It is a different experience to be in the old churches at night when it is dark. Monica

    Like

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