The Acropolis, Athens, Greece


The Acropolis in Athens, Greece, has been described by UNESCO as “the most striking and complete ancient Greek monumental complex still existing”; on the left on the hilltop are the entrance, the Temple of Athena Nike and (right) the Parthenon


“The Acropolis of Athens and its monuments are universal symbols of the classical spirit and civilization and form the greatest architectural and artistic complex bequeathed by Greek Antiquity to the world.  In the second half of the fifth century BC, Athens, following the victory against the Persians and the establishment of democracy, took a leading position amongst the other city-states of the ancient world.  In the age that followed, as thought and art flourished, an exceptional group of artists put into effect the ambitious plans of Athenian statesman Pericles and, under the inspired guidance of the sculptor Pheidias, transformed the rocky hill into a unique monument of thought and the arts.” –



The Parthenon, on the hilltop, towers over two large theaters, The Odeon of Herodes Atticus (pictured ruins) and the Dionysis Theatre (not pictured, to the right of the Odeon), The Acropolis, Athens, Greece


“The Acropolis of Athens is an ancient citadel located on an extremely rocky outcrop above the city of Athens and contains the remains of several ancient buildings of great architectural and historic significance, the most famous being the Parthenon.  The word acropolis comes from the Greek words ἄκρον (akron, “highest point, extremity”) and πόλις (polis, “city”).  Although there are many other acropoleis in Greece, the significance of the Acropolis of Athens is such that it is commonly known as “The Acropolis” without qualification.

“While there is evidence that the hill was inhabited as far back as the fourth millennium BC, it was Pericles (c. 495 – 429 BC) in the fifth century BC who coordinated the construction of the site’s most important buildings including the Parthenon, the Propylaia, the Erechtheion and the Temple of Athena Nike.  The Parthenon and the other buildings were seriously damaged during the 1687 siege by the Venetians in the Morean War when the Parthenon was being used for gunpowder storage and was hit by a cannonball.” – Wikipedia



The famous roofed Odeon of Herodes Atticus, built circa 174 A.D., dominates the western end on the south slope of the Acropolis and served mainly musical festivals, seating up to 5,000 people, Athens, Greece; since 1957 it stages art festivals (concerts, ancient drama performances, etc.) mostly in the framework of the Athens Festival



The Temple of Athena Nike is a temple on the Acropolis built around 420 B.C. that is the earliest fully Ionic temple on the Acropolis; it occupies a prominent position on a steep bastion at the southwest corner of the Acropolis to the right of the entrance, the Propylaea, Athens, Greece



The entrance to The Acropolis, known as the Propylaea, viewed from west atop the steps visitors climb starting below The Odeon of Herodes Atticus, Athens, Greece



The Erechtheion, on the north side of The Acropolis across from the Parthenon, was an ancient Greek temple dedicated to both Athena and Poseidon, with the famous Porch of the Caryatids, Athens, Greece



The Porch of the Caryatids with replicas of the original caryatids (sculpted female figures serving as an architectural support taking the place of a column or a pillar supporting an entablature on her head), The Acropolis, Athens, Greece; one of the originals was removed by British Lord Elgin in 1801 and is now in the British Museum with the other ancient caryatids residing in the new Acropolis Museum in Athens



One of the world’s most famous buildings, The Parthenon, dedicated to the goddess Athena (a massive gold and ivory sculpture of Athena was in the center of the ancient temple), was built between 447 and 432 B.C. in the Age of Pericles, The Acropolis, Athens, Greece



The sculptures in the east pediment of the Parthenon narrate the birth of Athena from the head of her father, Zeus; The Acropolis, Athens, Greece



The Parthenon is regarded as the most important surviving building of Classical Greece, generally considered the zenith of the Doric order in architecture, The Acropolis, Athens, Greece



4 thoughts on “The Acropolis, Athens, Greece

  1. Hi Rich and Robin – Great history and pics (as usual). Loved the Porch of the Caryatids. Later this AM will be giving a tour of Mountain View Cemetery (Oakland). The Mausoleum of Borax Smith also has a group of Caryatids holding up its roof. Perhaps not as old as those in the Acropolis. ron

    Liked by 1 person

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