“Pudong (浦东 Pǔ dōng ) is Shanghai’s newest district on the eastern side of the Huangpu River, a Special Economic Zone chock full of gleaming skyscrapers.
“Oriental Pearl TV Tower, built in 1994, is the 3rd tallest tower in the world. Featuring 11 garish pink balls enlightened by the famous Chinese poem (大珠小珠落玉盘Da Zhu Xiao Zhu Luo Yu Pan which describes the most beautiful sound when the pearls of different size fall on to a jade plate), the tower has become a symbol of the new Shanghai. You can literally step into Shanghai’s skies on the glass floor of outdoor viewing platform of the 2nd ball at 259 meters [/ 850 feet].” – Wikipedia
Shanghai Tower, completed in 2015, stands 632 meters (2,073 feet) high and is the tallest building in Shanghai and all of China as well as Asia. It is the second tallest building in the world, coming in behind the Burj Kalifa in Dubai. The building is serviced by 108 passenger lifts, the fast three of which can send passengers up to the sightseeing platform at the 500 meter / 1,640 foot level within one minute, that is a world record holder. “As the third tower in the trio of signature skyscrapers at the heart of Shanghai’s new Lujiazui Finance and Trade Zone, Shanghai Tower embodies a new prototype for tall buildings. Placed in close proximity to Jin Mao Tower and Shanghai World Financial Center, the new tower rises high above the skyline, its curved façade and spiraling form symbolizing the dynamic emergence of modern China. But its twisting form goes beyond just creating a unique appearance; wind tunnel tests confirm a 24 percent savings in structural wind loading when compared to a rectangular building of the same height. More than a landmark, the mixed-use tower offers a sustainable way of living in a vertical city, with a unique mix of restaurants, shops, offices, and hotels spaced throughout the building. The tower’s program is organized into nine vertical zones. Each of these vertical neighborhoods rise from a sky lobby, a light-filled garden atrium that creates a sense of community and supports daily life with a varied program catering to tenants and visitors. The sky lobbies function much like traditional town plazas and squares, bringing people together throughout the day. These civic spaces recall the city’s historic open courtyards, which merge interiors with exteriors in a landscaped setting. Shanghai Tower is one of the most sustainably advanced tall buildings in the world. A central aspect of its design is the transparent second skin that wraps around the entire building. The ventilated atriums it encloses conserve energy by modulating the temperature within the void. The space acts as a buffer between the inside and outside, warming up the cool outside air in the winter and dissipating heat from the interior in the summer. The tower also notably employs a tri-cogeneration system, a grey water/rainwater system, and several renewable energy sources.” – http://www.skyscrapercenter.com
“Shanghai IFC [International Finance Center] has a prime site in the heart of the Lujiazui fiancial trade zone [in Pudong, Shanghai] and is the product of noted architects and desingers. The master design is by world-renowned Cesar Pelli and the shopping mall by Benoy Architects, who also did the IFC and APM in HongKong respectively. The development will have a high-end mall of over a million square feet, grade-A offices in two towers and two hotels. Cutting-edge architecture and construction quality will make Shanghai IFC an ultra-modern addition to the city.” – http://www.shanghaiifcmall.com.cn
Perhaps one of the best ways to understand how an area like Pudong could spring into existence in a mere 25 years, with more significant investment and development to follow in the next decades, is to look at the Chinese government web site: “Pudong stands on a new starting point of development and embraces historic opportunities after the establishment of China (Shanghai) Pilot Free Trade Zone. It will have “strong motivation, bold innovation, rational process and inclusive mentality”, prioritize the quality of development, streamlining of institutions, upgrade of functions, and balanced development, push forward second-round development, and reach new height. By 2020, Pudong New Area will become a forerunner of scientific development, a core functional area of Shanghai’s “Four-Centers Initiatives”, a pilot area of comprehensive reforms and a an open area of harmonious ecology. By then, it will truly become a forward-looking modern urban area with multiple functions. [The vision and targets section then lists four focus areas for development from 2014 to 2020: economic goals (faster than Shanghai’s average), core functions (including taking the lead in financial innovation and trial programs), urban operation (see below) and living standard.]
“Urban Operation: Great efforts are made to promote the modernization of urban infrastructure, such as pushing forward the construction of Shanghai Eastern Transport Hub of Pudong International Airport and the phase 4 project of Yangshan Deep-water Port. The construction of rail transport system will be advanced with 100 km new track being extended. The project of “Smart Pudong” will see the full coverage of 100 Mbps home broadband and wireless hotspots in public areas. New generation of information technology such as the Internet of Things and Cloud Computing will be encouraged to develop and commercialized. In order to make Pudong a national ecological zone, endeavors will be made to carry out projects of river dredging and the construction of sewage treatment plants and collection pipe network, lifting the urban sewage treatment rate to 85% plus. More efforts will be made to enhance product quality and the supervision over food and drug safety.” – http://www.english.pudong.gov.cn