Ernest “Papa” Hemingway writing in Cuba; photo in Hemingway’s room during 1939 in the Hotel Ambos Mundos in Havana, Cuba
“Ernest Miller Hemingway (July 21, 1899 – July 2, 1961) was an American novelist, short story writer, and journalist. His economical and understated style had a strong influence on 20th-century fiction, while his life of adventure and his public image influenced later generations. Hemingway produced most of his work between the mid-1920s and the mid-1950s, and won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1954. He published seven novels, six short story collections, and two non-fiction works… Many of his works are considered classics of American literature.” — Wikipedia
“Ernest Hemingway loved Cuba so much that he considered himself a ‘Cubano Sato’ – which translates to a garden variety Cuban. Hemingway felt a kinship with the Cuban people, and was inspired by many of his experiences while he was in Cuba and on the waters surrounding the island nation. I n response, the Cuban people have showed equal admiration. Today a Hemingway industry flourishes in Havana – where his image is seen nearly as much as other famous Cuban icons.
“Hemingway first visited Cuba in 1928, while on a layover while traveling to Spain. He had arrived from Key West – his home at the time. He and his wife Pauline, their two sons Jack and Patrick, and Pauline’s sister Jinny Pfeiffer stopped over in Havana for 3 days while waiting for their ship, the ‘Reina de la Pacifica’, to sail. While in Havana, they stayed at the Hotel Ambos Mundos.
“Hemingway next visited Cuba in the summer of 1932. Hemingway went to Cuba with two friends from Key West: Joe Russell and Joe Lowe. They went to fish the annual Marlin run aboard a boat called “Anita”. They also had a Cuban that they hired onboard to rig baits.
“A year later, in 1933, Ernest Hemingway was writing for Esquire Magazine, and he would use his experiences fishing as content for his articles. He was fishing with a mate he had hired named Carlos Gutierrez, and they continued to fish off the boat “Anita”. Carlos Gutierrez taught him how to rig baits at different depths for Marlin fishing, which was a new concept for Hemingway. One of these articles was called ‘Marlin off the Morro: a Cuban Letter’. – www.hemingwaycuba.com
From Key West, Florida, Hemingway in 1939 crossed the sea to Cuba where he lived in the Hotel Ambos Mundos in Havana – at this point he was separating from his second wife Pauline.
Photographs of Ernest Hemingway (and his signature) on the lobby wall of the Hotel Ambos Mundos in Havana, Cuba, Havana, Cuba
Hemingway’s typewriter in his room during 1939 in the Hotel Ambos Mundos in Havana, Cuba
The view of old Havana and the port/river from Hemingway’s room during 1939 in the Hotel Ambos Mundos in Havana, Cuba
Published magazine covers with Hemingway on the cover, along with Hemingway photographs – on his bed in his room during 1939 in the Hotel Ambos Mundos in Havana, Cuba
Oil painting portrait of Ernest Hemingway on the side wall of his bedroom occupied in 1939 in the Hotel Ambos Mundos in Havana, Cuba
“In 1940 Hemingway, with his new wife Martha, purchased a home outside Havana, Cuba. He would live there for the next twenty years. The Hemingways named the site Finca Vigia, or “lookout farm.” They shared their home with dozens of Hemingway’s beloved cats, as well as trophies from many successful hunts and fishing expeditions.
“Hemingway became a fixture of Havana, and stayed in the country longer than many Americans chose to after relations between Cuba and the United States began to deteriorate. He fished extensively aboard his boat, Pilar, and enjoyed the island lifestyle, hanging out in Havana, and entertaining guests at the Finca. His home, with many original furnishings, hunting trophies, and personal artifacts can be viewed today.
“When not fishing or traveling, Hemingway wrote a great deal from his Cuban home. While little of his work from this time was published during his lifetime, many of the projects that Hemingway worked on throughout the 1940s were later edited and published after his death.
“Hemingway continued his war reporting during his time in Cuba. He and Martha traveled to China in 1941 to report on the Second Sino-Japanese war for PM Magazine. After returning from China, and before heading to Europe to cover World War II, Hemingway hunted German U-Boats in the Caribbean from Pilar, which he had outfitted with radio communications and weaponry should his craft encounter a German submarine.
“In 1944 Hemingway traveled to Europe to report on World War II. His first stop was in London, where he wrote about the war’s effect on the city. It was in London that he met a fellow reporter, Mary Welsh, who would later become his fourth wife. They traveled together in England, and then on to the French coast and Paris, following the Allied forces as they first invaded Normandy and eventually liberated the French capital. Hemingway spent some time in Paris, and later traveled with American forces as they entered Germany, before returning home.
“Hemingway divorced Martha in 1945, and returned to Cuba in 1946. He married Mary Welsh, and she joined him at the Finca.
Hemingway worked for some time on what would become his most famous work, The Old Man and the Sea. Originally published in 1952 in its entirety in a single issue of Life Magazine, sales exceeded all expectations. In addition to wide acclaim and financial success, The Old Man and the Sea also garnered Hemingway a Pulitzer Prize in 1953 as well as the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1954.” — https://www.ernesthemingwaycollection.com
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