Local Music: Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

Luis Baptista, in his atelier, showed us how guitars are constructed from scratch, Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

Luis Baptista, in his atelier, showed us how his guitars are constructed from scratch, Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

 

A mix of African, Caribbean, Portuguese and Brazilian influences, Cape Verde’s soulful music tells stories of the island’s history and culture, and life’s joys and sorrows.  The “morna” musical genre, from the English word “mourn,” is believed to have emerged on Boa Vista, Cape Verde.  Many think that this slow, melancholic melody was born from the enslaved who longed for home.  Poignant lyrics, usually sung in Cape Verdean Creole, are accompanied by guitar and other string instruments. Cape Verdean singer Cesária Évora, known as the “Queen of Morna,” popularized the genre’s distinctive ballads internationally.

 

Partially constructed guitars and other stringed instruments in the atelier of Luis Baptista, Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

Partially constructed guitars and other stringed instruments in the atelier of Luis Baptista, Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

 

One of the stops on our cultural tour of Mindelo was at the atelier of Luis Baptista, a guitar maker and musician.  He walked us through the process of making various types of guitars (some are local to the Cape Verde islands) in his workshop.  Afterwards, we were treated to a musical performance of morna.“

“Luis Baptista is the owner of a factory for string instruments and a guitar school in Mindelo.  The name Baptista is well known in the city: Luis’ father, Joao Baptista Fonseca was a famous constructing engineer for guitars and other sting instruments.  ‘He was using unknown materials and developed new technologies’ explains Luis ‘How we are working today goes back to him.’” – www.vista-verde.com/en/the-islands/sao-vicente.html 

“Mindelo’s museum has an eclectic collection of local crafts, including a lovely workbench whose long history is gouged into its surface with thousands of knife marks.  It once belonged to Mestre Baptista, a master guitar maker based in Mindelo.  His son Luis still makes instruments today.  If you need a new guitar, Luis is your man.  Of course he has made instruments used by Cesária’s musicians.  Then, as if to order, a couple of his many brothers showed up (yep, they played for the legend too) with their friend Edson, a vocalist.  And for the next hour I had my own private impromptu concert in the basement of a little house in the outskirts of town.  Mindelo is like that.” – Nick Maes, The Guardianwww.theguardian.com/travel/2012/apr/06/morna-traditional-music-cape-verde 

 

Luis Baptista and his friends playing morna in the downstairs of his atelier in Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

Luis Baptista and his friends playing morna in the downstairs of his atelier in Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

 

Luis Baptista playing morna in the downstairs of his atelier in Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

Luis Baptista playing morna in the downstairs of his atelier in Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

 

At the Cap Vert Design store – Design e Artesanato do Cabo Verde -- in Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde) were a series of brightly colored paintings of musicians and danc

At the Cap Vert Design store – Design e Artesanato do Cabo Verde — in Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde) were a series of brightly colored paintings of musicians and dancers

 

Legal Notices: All photographs copyright © 2018 by Richard C. Edwards.  All Rights Reserved Worldwide.  Permission to link to this blog post is granted for educational and non-commercial purposes only.

 

Local Art: Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

The Centro Nacional de Artesanato e Design (National Artisan and Design Center) has a collection of typical Cape Verdean art and crafts; Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

The Centro Nacional de Artesanato e Design (National Artisan and Design Center) has a collection of typical Cape Verdean art and crafts — this creative space is part museum and part gallery with a permanent exhibit on the art of weaving; Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

 

The culture in Cape Cerde (Cabo Verde) reflects the diversity of the ethnic and cultural backgounds of the islands’ inhabitants – African slaves, Portuguese, Jews (from Iberia), Carribeans, and the melting pot that resulted from mixed marriages over the past several centuries.  “Above all, pottery and weaving products are manufactured on Cape Verde.  But you can also find paintings (by Manuel Figueira, Barros-Gizzi and Maria-Luisa Queirós, for example), crocheted blankets, which is a tradition from Portugal, woodworking, batik, embroidery and woven baskets (balai).  The woven tapestries in the traditional colours of white, indigo blue and black are also very common.  The panos, square cloths that are used as pieces of clothing, are dyed in indigo blue.  Above all, the art of pottery can be found on Maio, Santiago, Sal Boa Vista and São Vicente.  Large water containers (potes), sculptures and vases are made here.” — www.capeverde.com/art-and-culture.html

 

Centro Nacional de Artesanato e Design (National Artisan and Design Center); Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde) – weaving #1

Centro Nacional de Artesanato e Design (National Artisan and Design Center); Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde) – weaving #1

 

Centro Nacional de Artesanato e Design (National Artisan and Design Center); Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde) – weaving #2

Centro Nacional de Artesanato e Design (National Artisan and Design Center); Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde) – weaving #2

 

Centro Nacional de Artesanato e Design (National Artisan and Design Center); Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde) – weaving #3

Centro Nacional de Artesanato e Design (National Artisan and Design Center); Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde) – weaving #3

 

Centro Nacional de Artesanato e Design (National Artisan and Design Center); Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde) – weaving #4

Centro Nacional de Artesanato e Design (National Artisan and Design Center); Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde) – weaving #4

 

Verde (Cabo Verde), are decorated with large blue-and–white ceramic azulejos tiles painted and “fired” in Portugal and shipped over to Mindelo

The walls of the African Market in downtown Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde), are decorated with large blue-and–white ceramic azulejos tiles painted and “fired” in Portugal and shipped over to Mindelo [“offered by the municipal chamber of the port”]; historic mural #1 – a view of the bay (later, the port of) of Mindelo from the late 1790s when the city was first being settled

Local Art in Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde) -- blue-and–white ceramic azulejos historic mural #2 – a general view of Mindelo from the early 1800s

Local Art in Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde) — blue-and–white ceramic azulejos historic mural #2 – a general view of Mindelo from the early 1800s

 

Local Art in Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde) -- blue-and–white ceramic azulejos historic mural #3 – an historical depiction of barefoot women slaves carrying 100 poun

Local Art in Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde) — blue-and–white ceramic azulejos historic mural #3 – an historical depiction of barefoot women slaves carrying 100 pound (45.4 kg) bags of salt on their heads; contrast that with the shoed men in the image

 

Local Art in Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde) -- blue-and–white ceramic azulejos historic mural #4 – a view of the port (Ponte Novo) from the end of the 1800s

Local Art in Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde) — blue-and–white ceramic azulejos historic mural #4 – a view of the port (Ponte Novo) from the end of the 1800s

 

These colorful fabric were for sale in one of the stalls of the Africa Market in Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

These colorful fabric were for sale in one of the stalls of the Africa Market in Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

 

The Cap Vert Design store is popular hangout for young designers and artisans -- the shop sells traditional jewelry, handmade baskets, ceramics, and locally made clothing; Mindelo, São

The Cap Vert Design store is popular hangout for young designers and artisans — the shop sells traditional jewelry, handmade baskets, ceramics, and locally made clothing; Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde) – painted jugs (for sale) decorated the stairs to the upper gallery

 

Cap Vert Design store, Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde) – a very brightly woven sea-life wall hanging

Cap Vert Design store – Design e Artesanato do Cabo Verde, Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde) – a very brightly woven sea-life wall hanging

 

Cap Vert Design store, Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde) – a ceramic figurine wearing woven clothes and cap

Cap Vert Design store, Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde) – a ceramic figurine wearing woven clothes and cap

 

Cap Vert Design store, Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde) – a wooden model of the Mercado Municipal Mindelo (Municipal Market)

Cap Vert Design store, Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde) – a wooden model of the Mercado Municipal Mindelo (Municipal Market)

 

Legal Notices: All photographs copyright © 2018 by Richard C. Edwards.  All Rights Reserved Worldwide.  Permission to link to this blog post is granted for educational and non-commercial purposes only.

 

Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

Typical apartments above shops on the ground floor in downtown Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde), the nation_s second largest city

Typical apartments above shops on the ground floor in downtown Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde), the nation’s second largest city

 

With live morna music making center stage every night at local bars and nightclubs along Rua Santa Antonio, legendary singer Cesária Évora’s birthplace of Mindelo has earned a solid reputation as Cape Verde’s liveliest city and unofficial cultural capital; with a population of 70,000 (the majority of the island’s 92,000 people), Mindelo is the nation’s second largest city.  Evenings are for enjoying morna, the country’s popular music genre, and for people-watching along the Rua Lisboa, while days can be spent kite surfing along the archipelago or fishing for giant blue marlin.

 

Praça Nova is the main city square of Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde), Cape Verde_s liveliest city and unofficial cultural capital

Praça Nova is the main city square of Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde), Cape Verde’s liveliest city and unofficial cultural capital

 

A beautifully restored, colonial period-designed building in downtown Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde), near the Torre de Belém and fish market

A beautifully restored, colonial period-designed building in downtown Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde), near the Torre de Belém and fish market

 

On our cultural tour of the city we visited the handicraft museum in the historic center and walked by the Torre de Belém – a quarter-size replica of the original tower in the river in Lisbon — (which houses a maritime museum).  Our walk also included visits to the vegetable and fish and markets, where at the latter we were able to watch the local fishermen delivering their daily catch.  The highlight of the tour was a specially arranged visit to the workshop of a local guitar maker, Luis Baptista, to learn about the traditional methods still employed in making stringed instruments; afterwards, we got to hear some Cape Verdean music performed by Luis Baptista and some friends in his atelier.  After the tour we had a delicious lunch at La Pergola focused on local cuisine and local fish, with an order of chachupa (the Cape Verdean slow-cooked stew of hominy, beans, cassava, sweet potato, and fish or meat).  We also had an appetizer of another local favorite, goat cheese (sometimes served with fresh papaya and then known as Romeo and Julieta).  We also had a tasting of the local grogue and poncheGrogue is Cape Verde’s national drink, distilled from sugar cane. While most production takes place on Santiago and Santo Antão, the drink can be enjoyed across the islands.  Grogue is used as a base in various medicines and in some versions of the caipirinha (a cocktail very popular in Brazil).  Ponche is a local Cape Verdean preparation (comparable to a similar product in Madeira) that is a combination of grogue (rum) diluted with the addition of molasses (and lime), lowering the alcohol content.

 

The harbor of Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

The harbor of Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

 

Typical retail stores in downtown Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

Typical retail stores in downtown Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

Behind the fishing boat on the beach is our ship (on the horizon), docked in Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

Behind the fishing boat on the beach is our ship (on the horizon), docked in Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

 

A store in downtown Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

A store in downtown Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

 

Torre de Belém – a quarter-size replica of the original tower in the river in Lisbon -- which houses a maritime museum, Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

Torre de Belém – a quarter-size replica of the original tower in the river in Lisbon — which houses a maritime museum, Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

 

A card game being played by locals just outside the city_s fish market, Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

A card game being played by locals just outside the city’s fish market, Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

 

Fishermen delivering their catch to the city_s daily fish market, Mercado de Peixe, Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

Fishermen delivering their catch to the city’s daily fish market, Mercado de Peixe, Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

 

The African Market with local goods for sale, Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

The African Market with local goods for sale, Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

 

Two boys in a local neighborhood playing soccer, Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

Two boys in a local neighborhood playing soccer, Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

 

Mercado Municipal Mindelo (Municipal Market) is a two-story covered market set in a colonial building with locals in stalls selling spices, fruits, and vegetables), Mindelo, São Vicent

Mercado Municipal Mindelo (Municipal Market) is a two-story covered market set in a colonial building with locals in stalls selling spices, fruits, and vegetables), Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

 

Two ladies at their stalls selling fresh vegetables in the Mercado Municipal Mindelo (Municipal Market), Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

Two ladies at their stalls selling fresh vegetables in the Mercado Municipal Mindelo (Municipal Market), Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

 

Praia da Laginha, adjacent to the cruise terminal docks, has spectacular azure-colored waters, Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

Praia da Laginha, adjacent to the cruise terminal docks, has spectacular azure-colored waters, Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

 

Legal Notices: All photographs copyright © 2018 by Richard C. Edwards. All Rights Reserved Worldwide. Permission to link to this blog post is granted for educational and non-commercial purposes only.

 

São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde), is of volcanic origin and is fairly arid, with a number of mountains across the island, some of which are adjacent to the ocean shore

São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde), is of volcanic origin and is fairly arid, with a number of mountains across the island, some of which are adjacent to the ocean shore; here the clouds in the sky give way on the horizon to what appears to be smog, but is actually fine particulate white sand blown across hundreds of miles (kilometers) of ocean from Africa’s Sahara Desert

 

São Vicente is an island of Cape Verde, an archipelago off West Africa.  The northern port of Mindelo is a cultural hub, known for traditional music and colonial architecture like the 1900s Palácio do Povo.  Inland, Parque Natural Monte Verde has trails up the volcanic peak.  Beaches include Mindelo’s Laginha Beach, the shallow lagoon of Baía das Gatas and São Pedro, with strong wind and surf.

 

A small fishing boat which used to be the mainstay of the island_s fishing industry until the Chinese and Spanish began fishing the surrounding Atlantic Ocean with giant, industrial fi

A small fishing boat which used to be part of the mainstay fleet of the island’s fishing industry until the Chinese and Spanish began fishing the surrounding Atlantic Ocean with giant, industrial fishing ships, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde); now fishing mainly provides food for the locals, rather than a booming export business

 

The road climbing to the summit of 750 m (2850 feet) tall Monte Verde (Green Mountain) – a national park – is paved with granite and basalt cobblestones, making for a really washboar

The road climbing to the summit of 750 m (2,850 feet) tall Monte Verde (Green Mountain) – a national park – is paved with granite and basalt cobblestones, making for a really washboard-like, bumpy ride, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

 

Our first day docked in Mindelo, São Vicente, we opted for a tour by small bus of the island, bypassing the highlights of the city — other than a quick drive through it on the way to Monte Verde (Green Mountain).  “Monte Verde is the tallest mountain in the island of São Vicente, Cape Verde.  The mountain is located 8 km (5 miles) east of the city of Mindelo, the island’s main city and is 750 m (2850 feet) tall.  The mountain is part of a natural park…  The view at the top of Monte Verde is spectacular, featuring views of the entire island including Baía das Gatas and the city of Mindelo as well as the islands Santa Luzia to the east and Santo Antão to the northwest.” – Wikipedia

 

The summit of Monte Verde (Green Mountain) overlooking São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

The summit of Monte Verde (Green Mountain) overlooking São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

 

on the summit of Monte Verde (Green Mountain) the park service has recently erected a blowing-fog-clouds capturing screen that condenses moisture and drops it into a pipe at the bottom,

The island has recently endured a four-year long drought (continuing in 2018) – not unusual, as for the past hundred years there have been more dry years than wet years – so on the summit of Monte Verde (Green Mountain) the park service has recently erected a blowing-fog/clouds capturing screen that condenses moisture and drops it into a pipe at the bottom, feeding an underground cistern used for irrigation of plants at the summit; São Vicente, Cape Verde      (Cabo Verde)

 

Over 80 plant species are endemic to Cape Verde (Cabo Verde) including this small flowering shrub on the summit of Monte Verde (Green Mountain); São Vicente

Over 80 plant species are endemic to Cape Verde (Cabo Verde) including this small flowering shrub on the summit of Monte Verde (Green Mountain); São Vicente

 

From the summit of Monte Verde (Green Mountain), a view of the winding road to the summit from Mindelo; São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

From the summit of Monte Verde (Green Mountain), a view of the winding road to the summit from Mindelo; São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

 

As we descended a little from the summit of Monte Verde (Green Mountain), we were finally able to glimpse the Atlantic Ocean and the island_s coastline; São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo

As we descended a little from the summit of Monte Verde (Green Mountain), we were finally able to glimpse the Atlantic Ocean and the island’s coastline; São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

 

Along the coastal road there were large dunes of white sand that are not native – they were built up over the years from fine particulate white sand blown across hundreds of miles (kil

Along the coastal road there were large dunes of white sand that are not native – they were built up over the years from fine particulate white sand blown across hundreds of miles (kilometers) of ocean from Africa’s Sahara Desert

 

A close-up of the dunes along the coast, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

A close-up of the dunes along the coast, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

 

The strong winds continue to shape the sand dunes, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

The strong winds continue to shape the sand dunes, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

 

Our local guide, Delisio, had a surprise for us when we stopped at a beach to view the sand dunes – local grogue (rum) and local ponche (rum with molasses), both national drinks, along

Our local guide, Delisio, had a surprise for us when we stopped at a beach to view the sand dunes – local grogue (rum) and local ponche (rum with molasses), both national drinks, along with some fish filled Cape Verdean empanadas – all were delicious; São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

 

The highly decorated exterior of a fish restaurant at a small fishing village –note the turtle and shark sculptures -- on São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

The highly decorated exterior of a fish restaurant at a small fishing village –note the turtle and shark sculptures — on São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

 

Brightly painted fishing boats pulled ashore after the early morning fishing outing, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

Brightly painted fishing boats pulled ashore after the early morning fishing outing, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

 

Locals enjoying lunch along the shore at the fishing boats, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

Locals enjoying lunch along the shore at the fishing boats, São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

 

Local farmers have to dig wells over 300 meters (nearly 1,000 feet) deep to get water for their small plots (pictured are plots belonging to several families), São Vicente, Cape Verde

Local farmers have to dig wells over 300 meters (nearly 1,000 feet) deep to get water for their small plots (pictured are plots belonging to several families), São Vicente, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

 

Legal Notices: All photographs copyright © 2018 by Richard C. Edwards.  All Rights Reserved Worldwide.  Permission to link to this blog post is granted for educational and non-commercial purposes only.

 

Boa Vista, Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

A view of the beach (Praia da Chave) on Boa Vista, Cape Verde, from which by dive boat we traveled in rough water to a nearby island and reefs for snorkeling

A view of the beach (Praia da Chave) on Boa Vista, Cape Verde, from which by dive boat we traveled in rough water to a nearby island and reefs for snorkeling

 

Cape Verde, or Cabo Verde, is a nation on a volcanic archipelago of 10 islands and 5 islets off the northwest coast of Africa, about 385 miles (620 kilometers) west of Dakar, Senegal.  Cabo Verde is named for the westernmost cape of Africa, Cape Verde (French: Cap Vert), which is located in nearby Senegal and is the nearest point on the continent.  In 1975, Cape Verde declared its independence from Portugal.  It’s known for its Creole Portuguese-African culture, traditional morna music (popularized internationally by Cesária Évora, the “Queen of Morna”) and numerous beaches.  Cabo Verde’s largest island, Santiago, is home to the current capital, Praia.

Aptly-named Boa Vista (beautiful view) is one of the largest Cape Verde islands.  Boa Vista offers miles of uncrowded beaches (Praia de Santa Monica – named after the southern California beach — and Praia do Estoril are popular) and excellent opportunities for windsurfing, snorkeling – which is how we spent our afternoon there — diving, kite surfing and fishing.  Some visitors go for a hike in the mini-Sahara Desert that is Deserto de Viana, ride quad bikes along the shore, go birdwatching for rare varieties, or see the ever-deteriorating Cabo Santa Maria shipwreck, now a rusty shell sitting off the coast.  Sal Rei, the island’s diminutive capital, is home to roughly half of Boa Vista’s inhabitants and is a pleasant spot for sampling langostada (lobster), sipping grogue (the national drink, a local rum distilled from sugar cane), and shopping for authentic crafts.

 

Boa Vista, Cape Verde, has had major development as a tourist mecca over the past decade, including this Arabian-style hotel – the Karamboa Hotel -- stretched all along the western bea

Boa Vista, Cape Verde, has had major development as a tourist mecca over the past decade, including this Arabian-style hotel – the Karamboa Hotel — stretched all along the western beach (Praia da Chave)

 

Beach lounging by the Karamboa Hotel (pictured above), Boa Vista, Cape Verde

Beach lounging by the Karamboa Hotel (pictured above), Boa Vista, Cape Verde

 

“The overwhelming majority [approximately 70%] of the population of Cabo Verde is of mixed European and African descent and is often referred to as mestiço or Crioulo.  There is also a sizable African minority, which includes the Fulani (Fulbe), the Balante, and the Mandyako peoples.  A small population of European origin includes those of Portuguese descent (especially from the Algarve, a historical province, and the Azores islands), as well as those of Italian, French, and English descent.  There is also a substantial number that traces its roots to Sephardic Jews who were expelled from the Iberian Peninsula in the 15th and 16th centuries during the Inquisition and were among the islands’ early settlers, or to other groups of Jews—mainly tradesmen—who arrived in the 19th century from Morocco.” — www.britannica.com

 

Scuba Caribe were the outfitters who took us snorkeling off Praia da Chave in Boa Vista, Cape Verde

Scuba Caribe were the outfitters who took us snorkeling off Praia da Chave in Boa Vista, Cape Verde

 

Legal Notices: All photographs copyright © 2018 by Richard C. Edwards. All Rights Reserved Worldwide. Permission to link to this blog post is granted for educational and non-commercial purposes only.