Founded more than 900 years ago, Bergen, Norway – with roots to the Viking Age and beyond – today is Norway’s second largest city and lies clambering up the mountain sides, overlooking the sea on the west coast of Norway
“Bergen is Norway’s second largest city, and lies clambering up the mountain sides, overlooking the sea [on the west coast of Norway]… It is the gateway to the Fjords of Norway. On a Norwegian scale, Bergen is a large city, but one with a small-town charm and atmosphere. Its passionately patriotic inhabitants are proud of their many-sided city and its history and cultural traditions. Many are only happy to direct visitors to their favourite local attraction, coffee-shop or restaurant.
Around 10 percent of the population [which numbers about 275,000] in Bergen are students, which adds a fresh and youthful mood to the city’s vibe. Alongside its offerings of museums, art galleries, cultural events and dining opportunities, as well as the possibilities offered by its accessible sea and mountains, this contributes to making it a lively and vibrant city.
Founded more than 900 years ago, Bergen has roots to the Viking Age and beyond. As one of the main offices of the Hanseatic League, Bergen was for several hundred years the centre of prosperous trade between Norway and the rest of Europe. Bryggen (“The Hanseatic Wharf”) is the most obvious remnant from this time [a UNESCO World Heritage Site], and is today home to many of the city’s restaurants, pubs, craft shops and historical museums.
Bergen is famous for the seven mountains surrounding the city centre, the Hanseatic Wharf, the fish market, and one of Norway’s biggest cultural events, the Bergen International Festival, which is held there each year.” — www.visitnorway.com
The inner harbor of Bergen, Norway — Vågen Harbor — is where the city was founded around 1070 A.D.; the long, brown-tiled warehouses on the right center of the photograph (the eastern side of the harbor) are a series of Hanseatic commercial buildings famously known as Bryggen and our ship is docked at the pier (right-hand side) in the upper right hand corner of the photograph
Små Lungeren (Lake Lungeren), also known as Lille Lungegårdsvannet, viewed from the top of Mount Fløyen (we hiked up the 320 meters/1050 feet elevation trail, although there is a very popular tram) – the large building at the back of the lake are the four KODE Museums, where we had a delicious shared plates Norwegian luncheon with friends in restaurant Lysverket (in KODE 4)
Bergen residences viewed across Små Lungeren (Lake Lungeren) from the outside of KODE 2 Museum, Norway
A panorama of of Bryggen (the dock) — a series of Hanseatic commercial buildings lining the eastern side of the Vågen Harbor in Bergen, Norway — since 1979 on the UNESCO list for World Cultural Heritage sites
“The very first buildings in Bergen were situated at Bryggen, which has been a vibrant and important area of the city for many centuries. Bryggen has been ravaged by many fires, the great fire of 1702 in particular. It reduced the whole of the city to ashes. The area was rebuilt on the foundations that had been there since the 12th century, which means that Bryggen is basically unchanged despite the passing centuries. Bryggen is now part of our common heritage and has a place on UNESCO’s World Heritage List, and the city of Bergen is a designated World Heritage City. The world heritage site consists of the old Hanseatic wharf and buildings, and one of the best known urban areas from the Middle Ages in all of Norway. In 1360, the German Hanseatic League set up one of its import and export offices at Bryggen, dominating trade for almost 400 years. To stroll through the narrow alleyways and overhanging galleries is to step back into the mists of time and a bygone era.” – www.en.visitbergen.com
The seventeen restored, extant Bryggen gabled, wooden warehouses, Bergen, Norway
A close up of several of the brightly painted Bryggen gabled, wooden warehouses, Bergen, Norway
“Around 1350 an office of the Hanseatic League was established there. As the town developed into an important trading centre, the wharfs were improved. The buildings of Bryggen were gradually taken over by the Hanseatic merchants. The warehouses were filled with goods, particularly stockfish from northern Norway, and cereal from Europe. In 1702, the buildings belonging to the Hanseatic League were damaged by fire. They were rebuilt, and some of these were later demolished, and some were destroyed by fire. In 1754, the operations of the office at Bryggen, ended ‘when all the properties were transferred to Norwegian citizens’. Throughout history, Bergen has experienced many fires, since, traditionally, most houses were made from wood. This was also the case for Bryggen, and as of today, around a quarter dates back to the time after 1702, when the older wharfside warehouses and administrative buildings burned down. The rest predominantly consists of younger structures, although there are some stone cellars that date back to the 15th century. Parts of Bryggen were destroyed in a fire in 1955. A thirteen-year archaeological excavation followed, revealing the day-to-day runic inscriptions known as the Bryggen inscriptions.” — Wikipedia
19th and early 20th century brick and stucco buildings on eastern side of the Vågen Harbor in Bergen, Norway
The reindeer sausage tasted the best at the fish market at the eastern end of the harbor – we bought some to take home to our apartment on the ship, Bergen, Norway
Fish in Norway means cod and salmon (and, formerly, sardines) – here is just a small section of one fishmonger’s selection of salmon at the fish market at the eastern end of the harbor – we bought several vacuum packed bags of sliced smoked salmon to take home to our apartment on the ship, Bergen, Norway
Also synonymous with Norway are trolls – here the whole side of an apartment building in Bergen celebrates the 2017 UCI (International Cycling Union) Road World Championships with a troll; the 2017 UCI Road World Championships, held in 2017 in Bergen, Norway, were the 90th UCI Road World Championships
Beautiful painted homes from the 19th century in the Nordnes neighborhood atop the peninsula on the west side of the inner harbor (Vågen Harbor) of Bergen, Norway
The view looking toward the east from the Nordnes neighborhood atop the peninsula on the west side of the inner harbor (Vågen Harbor) of Bergen, Norway; the steeple, dated “Anno 1761” is part of Nykirken, an 18th century church that was damaged during World War II in an explosion in 1944 and subsequently fully restored, reflecting the local architecture of the 18th century
A contemporary statue celebrating life, on the quay on the western side of the inner harbor (Vågen Harbor) of Bergen, Norway; across the harbor are the Bryggen gabled, wooden warehouses
The northeastern side of the inner harbor (Vågen Harbor) of Bergen, Norway, with the tram stop and restaurant atop Mount Fløyen visible in the center top of the photograph
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